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    三种常见鱼缸过滤器的优缺点横向对比!
    来源:http://www.yunsyb.com  2019-05-31 16:26:48
    鱼缸过滤器在鱼缸养鱼的过程中的重要性应该是不言而喻的吧!下面济南鱼缸保养公司就给大家普及一下三种常见的鱼缸过滤器的优缺点,希望对大家有所帮助!
    The importance of aquarium filter in aquarium fish culture should be self-evident. The following Jinan Fish Tank Maintenance Company will popularize the advantages and disadvantages of three common fish tank filters, hoping to help you!
    1、上部过滤器(上滤)
    1. Upper filter (Upper filter)
    上滤是放置于水族箱上部,通过潜水泵将水抽入上滤槽内,水流通过过滤棉、生化棉、各种滤材后再由底部的出水管流回到水族箱内。
    Upper filtration is placed on the upper part of the aquarium. Water is pumped into the upper filter through a submersible pump. Water flows back to the aquarium through the bottom outlet pipe after filtering cotton, biochemical cotton and various filter materials.
    优点:价格低廉、结构简单、清洗和维护方便。由于在鱼缸上部,对过滤器的维护非常方便;可以将缸内不太理想的水质从鱼缸内物理隔离开来,大大减少鱼缸有机物含量,降低生物过滤的压力,这点是其他方式的物理过滤所不能代替的。
    Advantages: Low price, simple structure, easy cleaning and maintenance. Because it is very convenient to maintain the filter in the upper part of the fish tank, the unsatisfactory water quality in the tank can be physically separated from the fish tank, which can greatly reduce the organic content of the fish tank and reduce the pressure of biofiltration, which can not be replaced by other physical filtering methods.
    缺点:占用水族箱的上部空间、在一定程度上影响水族箱的美观度,内部空间有限放置滤材相对较少从而生化过滤效果一般,但不利有益菌生长。另外,由于上滤过水面积大、水流湍急会增加CO2的逃逸,如果是喷淋进水的话将更严重,因此不适于种植水草的水族箱。

    Disadvantages: occupying the upper space of the aquarium, to a certain extent, affects the aesthetics of the aquarium. Limited space inside the aquarium has relatively few filter materials, so the biochemical filtration effect is general, but it is not conducive to the growth of beneficial bacteria. In addition, because of the large area of the upper filtration water and the rapid flow, the escape of CO2 will be more serious if the water is sprayed into the aquarium, so it is not suitable for planting aquatic plants.

    鱼缸保养效果展示

    2、同程式底滤
    2. Similar bottom filtration
    同程式底滤的设计来源于同程供水系统,而同程式底滤一般是用在空调冷媒循环设计、水暖设计领域,在水族应用很少见。一般的底砂过滤导流管都是做成S形或E形,因为导流管上的进、出水口到水泵进水口的距离不一致,所以很难保证近端和远端的水流量能够均匀,这样就难以做到整个底砂层有均匀的水流通过,从而降低了底砂过滤的效率。
    The design of the bottom filter of the same program comes from the same water supply system, while the bottom filter of the same program is generally used in the field of refrigerant circulation design and water heating design of air conditioning, and is rarely used in aquarium. Generally, bottom sand filter diversion pipes are S-shaped or E-shaped. Because the distance between the inlet and outlet of the diversion pipes and the intake of the pump is not uniform, it is difficult to ensure that the water flow at the proximal and distal ends can be uniform, so it is difficult to achieve uniform water flow through the whole bottom sand layer, thus reducing the efficiency of bottom sand filtration.
    利用同程供水系统来设计的同程底滤很好的解决了这个问题,每根导流管到进、出水口的流程都是相等的,导流孔的流程差只有65mm,可以做到整个底砂部分的均匀进水,而不必担心水流短路的问题。
    The same-way bottom filter designed by the same-way water supply system solves this problem very well. The flow from each diversion pipe to the inlet and outlet is the same. The flow difference of diversion hole is only 65 mm. It can achieve the uniform water intake of the whole bottom sand part without worrying about the short-circuit problem of water flow.
    同程式底滤又分为正吸和反冲两种水循环方式,正吸就是指同程式底滤起到进水口的作用,而反冲则刚好相反是起到出水口的作用。
    The same program bottom filter can be divided into two water circulation modes, positive suction means that the same program bottom filter plays the role of the inlet, while the reverse is just the opposite of the function of the outlet.
    3、滴流式过滤(滴滤)
    3. Trickle filtration (trickle filtration)
    滴滤是个集成的过滤器,是对上滤的升级扩建,它将物理过滤与生物过滤合在一个过滤槽中,在此过滤槽中分成几层,(具体层数可以根据需要增减)过滤槽的上层为物理过滤室,主要放置有过滤棉、生化棉,下面几层分别放置生化球、藤棉、玻璃环、石英球、细菌屋等各种滤材。当水流通过时会增加与空气的接触面从而增加容氧量,为好氧性细菌提供最理想的生存环境。
    Trickle filter is an integrated filter, which is an upgrade and expansion of the upper filter. It combines physical filtration with biological filtration in a filter tank, and divides the filter tank into several layers. (The number of specific layers can be increased or decreased according to need.) The upper layer of the filter tank is a physical filter chamber, mainly containing filter cotton and biochemical cotton. The lower layers are placed with biochemical ball, rattan cotton, glass ring, quartz ball and fine cotton. Bacterial house and other filter materials. When water flows through, it will increase the contact surface with air, thus increasing the oxygen capacity, providing the best living environment for aerobic bacteria.
    优点:物理生化过滤完善、过滤效果较好。
    Advantages: Perfect physical and biochemical filtration, good filtration effect.
    缺点:占用水族箱的上部空间、在一定程度影响水族箱的美观、如处理不好则水流的声音会相对较大。
    Disadvantage: occupy the upper space of the aquarium, affect the beauty of the aquarium to a certain extent, if not handled properly, the sound of water flow will be relatively large.
    本文的精彩内容由济南鱼缸保养公司提供相关知识,本网站还有很多的精彩内容,更多的内容您可以点击进入:http://www.yunsyb.com!我们有专门的客服为您解答问题。
    The excellent content of this article is provided by Jinan Fishbowl Maintenance Company. There are many wonderful contents on this website. You can click on more content to enter: http://www.yunsyb.com! We have a special customer service to answer your questions.
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